The Life of Saint Patrick
Pray the Ancient Prayer of Saint Patrick: The Lorica (also known as St Patrick's Breastplate, or Fáeth Fiada)
A Brief Life of Saint Patrick
Bishop of Armagh and Enlightener of Ireland
Saint Patrick, the Enlightener of Ireland was born around the year 385. He was the son of Calpurnius, a deacon “the son of Potitus, a priest, of the village Bannavem Taburniæ,” who also held an administrative position as a Roman Decurion (an official responsible for collecting taxes). His name is from the Latin Patricius, meaning highborn. The place where he lived has not been identified with certainty. The village of Bannavem Taberniae may have been located at the mouth of the Severn River in Wales. However, others suggest that the village was situated on the west coast of England, while some place it as far north as Dumbarton in Scotland. Whatever the precise locale, the district was raided by pirates when Patrick was sixteen, and he was one of those taken captive. He was brought to Ireland and sold as a slave, and was put to work as a herder of swine on a mountain identified with Slemish in County Antrim. During his period of slavery, Patrick acquired a proficiency in the Irish language that would prove very useful to his later mission.
He prayed during his solitude on the mountain, and lived this way for six years. He had two visions. The first told him he would return to his home. The second told him his ship was ready. Setting off on foot, Patrick walked two hundred miles to the coast. There he succeeded in boarding a ship, and returned to his parents in Britain.
Some time later, he went to Gaul and studied for the priesthood at Auxerre under St Germanus. Eventually, he was consecrated as a bishop, and was entrusted with the mission to Ireland, succeeding St Palladius. St Palladius did not achieve much success in Ireland. After about a year he went to Scotland, where he died in 432.
Patrick had a dream in which an angel came to him bearing many letters. Selecting one inscribed “The Voice of the Irish,” he heard the Irish entreating him to come back to them.
Although St Patrick achieved remarkable results in spreading the Gospel, he was not the first or only missionary in Ireland. He arrived, perhaps around 432, about a year after St Palladius began his mission to Ireland. There were also other missionaries who were active on the southeast coast, but it was St Patrick who had the greatest influence and success in preaching the Gospel of Christ. Therefore, he is known as "The Enlightener of Ireland."
His autobiographical Confession tells of the many trials and disappointments he endured. Patrick had once confided to a friend that he was troubled by a certain sin he had committed before he was fifteen years old. The friend assured him of God's mercy, and even supported Patrick's nomination as bishop. Later, he turned against him and revealed what Patrick had told him in an attempt to prevent his consecration. Many years later, Patrick still grieved for his dear friend who had publicly shamed him.
St Patrick founded many churches and monasteries across Ireland, but the conversion of the Irish people was no easy task. There was much hostility, and he was assaulted several times. He faced danger, and insults, and he was reproached for being a foreigner and a former slave. There was also a very real possibility that the pagans would try to kill him. Despite many obstacles, he remained faithful to his calling, and he baptized many people into Christ.
The Saint's Epistle to Coroticus is also an authentic work. In it he denounces the attack of Coroticus’ men on one of his congregations. The ‘Breastplate’ (Lorica) is also attributed to St Patrick. In his writings, we can see St Patrick's awareness that he had been called by God, as well as his determination and modesty in undertaking his missionary work. He refers to himself as “a sinner,” “the most ignorant and of least account,” and as someone who was “despised by many.” He ascribes his success to God, rather than to his own talents: “I owe it to God's grace that through me so many people should be born again to Him.”
HOLY FATHER PATRICK, PRAY FOR US!